Diagnosing & Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

Diagnosing & Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

Diagnosing & Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

Your doctors will ask you how you are feeling and carry out different tests to diagnose prostate cancer.

"How Are You Feeling?"1

The first clue: "Something feels different down there"

For some men, the first clue that something is “not right” starts with trouble in the washroom. Prostate cancer usually is a slow-growing cancer, but as the tumour grows in size, a man may feel changes in his bladder activity:


He may have to urinate more frequently (especially at night), or have difficulty controlling his urine flow.

Other men feel like they can’t fully empty their bladder, or they feel pain or burning when they are urinating.

A more disturbing sign might be seeing blood in the urine or in the semen, or experiencing pain upon ejaculation.

Later clues: When the cancer has spread1

The cancer that started in the prostate can move to other parts of the body. This is known as metastatic (advanced) prostate cancer. When this happens, other parts of the body may feel the effects of the cancer. Men with metastaticprostate cancer may notice:

Pain in the bones (especially in the back, hips, thigh or neck)

A feeling of being tired more

A drop in weight

Feeling numbness in legs or feet

Not being able to control bowel movements or bladder


  1. Canadian Cancer Society. Signs and symptoms of prostate cancer. Online Available at http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-type/prostate/signs-and-symptoms/?region=on
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Treatment Overview

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